Reasonable Under The Circumstances

The Fourth Amendment protects citizens against unlawful and arbitrary searches and seizures. However, not every search or seizure conducted by law enforcement requires a lawful search warrant.


The Blue Flame: The Socialization Of A Rookie

A new officer recruit must always prove his or her worth to a department through graded efforts such as work productivity, conflict resolution, and problem solving capabilities. Although paramount, these skills are not the only ones sought after in a new hire. The recruit, often referred to as a “rookie” cannot just put on a […]


Are You Compatible With Police Life?

If you have ever thought about pursuing a career in criminal justice, you might be wondering what kind of personality is best suited for law enforcement. What type of persona is most advantageous to the profession? Do you have what it takes? I was not a likely candidate.


To Ruse Or Not To Ruse

It is no secret that detectives have an insatiable appetite to procure a confession from a suspect. Most would tell you it is a great and satisfying result of their tedious efforts besides a token to their communication skills when successful. One of the most controversial police procedures is the use of trickery by law […]


Solving Yesterday Today: Cold Cases

Television has glamorized the investigation of cold cases, often portraying them as the ideal assignment for a detective. The shroud of mystery is slowly unveiled with DNA magic, new evidence, new statements, or a twist in the case. Of course, this makes for great television ratings as true mysteries are a favorite amongst the American […]


In Search of Concealed Evidence Using Warrants: The Detectives

The station parking lot was usually the operational staging point of executing search warrants at my department. Police convoys aligned the nearby streets circling the Hall of Justice and stuffed the empty spaces in the lot: multi-agencies in marked and unmarked units, officers clad in raid vests and uniforms, long guns prepared for tactical purposes. […]


Do You Have Moxie And The Uniform To Match?

“I believe as first responders we lose our innocence so the citizens can keep theirs.” It’s a profound statement, don’t you think? One of my former colleagues, Wes Gudahl, wrote these words in an email he addressed to the police department upon his retirement from law enforcement and subsequently shared with me. We are “like” […]

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The Forgotten Witness

  Communication skills are not only needed for the hard interrogations, but predominantly to be effective with all levels of correspondence in order to extract information. Witnesses can help an investigator include or exclude evidence, information, or facts. Briefly, a witness is a person who has observed an incident, event, or watched a crime take […]


Protecting Against Unlawful Interrogations: From The Cop Side

While viewing your favorite police show on television, have you ever followed an episode in which the police advised a suspect of their rights? Did it seem like the scene was placed for dramatic effect or was it a proper segue into an advisement of rights? Do you understand in which situations a peace officer […]

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Basic Composition of Traffic Enforcement

Traffic enforcement has long been a staple of police organizations as an essential service to the public. It is widely considered one of the most effective tools to combat and deter traffic infractions and crime. Recently, society has made demands and outcries for police to find remedies to the rising increase in aggressive driving and […]